Energy and Oxidation

Energy is necessary to create new molecules and, in the long run, to build new cells. The organs and tissues also need it for their work. All the energy used by an organism is supplied by the oxidation of proteins, fats and carbohydrates or, in other words, by the combustion of these substances. Oxidation cannot […]

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Mechanism of Behavior

Practically all physiologists start with an implicit or explicit assumption which is something like this: that all the phenomena of the behavior of living organisms are compatible with a mechanistic interpretation of the universe. In other words, living organisms in their behavior are physicochemical machines, and the future behavior of living organisms is determined by […]

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Personality: Complexity, Ideas, Aproaches

The nomothetic law-seeking scientist will agree that the heart of man calls for pictures. “But if we are to have pictures,” he says, “let Michelangelo paint them. Let Beethoven or Wagner or Tchaikovsky tell us how the divine message came to him. But,” he adds, “scientists have a different task—indeed the universal task—of observing, generalizing, […]

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Adaptive Value of Fever

It has been difficult to obtain data pertinent to the question of whether fever has a beneficial or harmful effect on an infected host. As the result of indirect evidence, it has often been assumed that fever has survival value. This is because fever is an energetically costly process. As a febrile organism elevates its […]

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